Ensuring Gender Equality in Athletics for Girls in School and Parks and Recreation Programs 



Our Mission 

Ensure all girls - regardless of race, income, and geography - receive equal opportunities, treatment, and benefits in athletics offered by schools and parks and recreation programs.



Give Presentations, Workshops & Trainings for:

  • Girls

  • Parents and Families

  • Coaches

  • Parks and Recreation Departments

  • K-12 Schools

  • Community Organizations

  • Youth Advocates, Mentors & Teachers

Technical Assistance

Assess schools and parks and recreation departments to help them implement Title IX and AB 2404 (Fair Play and Common Sports Act) and ensure equality.

Strategic Litigation

Represent clients in court to enforce the law where girls lack equal opportunities.



What is Title IX? 

What is AB 2404

(The Fair Play Act) ? 




Information about Title IX and other laws that provide for equal access to sports facilities and programs.

Title IX Participation Gap Calculator

A school has to make sure girls have equal opportunity to play sports—which means actual athletes playing on various teams. Spots available for girls on competitive school sports teams have to be “proportionate” to the number of girls in the school. So, in a school where 50% of the students are girls and 50% of the students are boys, 50% of all athletes participating on sports teams must be girls. But, in a school where 60% of the students are girls and 40% of the students are boys, 60% of all athletes participating on sports teams must be girls.


Example: School X has 1,000 students, and 500 of the students are girls, and 500 of the students are boys. If there are 200 athletes playing sports, then that means that there have to be 100 female athletes and 100 male athletes—an even 50%.


If a school cannot show proportionality, it must show a history and continuing practice of growing athletic opportunities for girls and/or that girls do not wish to play in greater numbers (yet they usually do!). Note: If you want to play on a team that is not offered at your school (at an additional level of an existing sport like junior varsity, or in a brand new sport), ask your school to add the sport! If you are lacking opportunities, contact Fair Play.




“Playing softball has helped me in school. If I didn’t play sports, I’m not sure that I would have the drive to stay in school and pursue a career. Playing softball helps me to set my priorities regarding my grades, not only for myself but for my team.”

- Veronica Ollier,

California High School

Softball Player


Kim Turner

Senior Staff Attorney

Kim works with the Fair Play for Girls in Sports Project. Through litigation, education and policy work, Kim advocates for equality, with a specific focus on athletic opportunities for female youth — particularly in low-income communities.

  • Facebook - Grey Circle
  • Instagram - Grey Circle
  • Twitter - Grey Circle

Fair Play for Girls in Sports is a project of Legal Aid at Work, which protects and expand the rights of low-wage workers, their families, and communities by educating about legal rights, providing legal representation, and advocating for more responsive laws.  For more information, please visit www.legalaidatwork.org

180 Montgomery Street, Suite 600

San Francisco, CA 94104



Toll-Free Phone #: 877-593-0074

Elizabeth Kristen

Project Director & Senior Staff Attorney

Elizabeth Kristen is a director of our Fair Play for Girls in Sports project, she engages in community education, negotiations, litigation, and policy work on behalf of female students who have not been afforded equal athletic opportunities under Title IX. She won a ground breaking Ninth Circuit ruling, with her co-counsel, that enforces Title IX of the Education Amendments in a Southern California high school (Ollier v. Sweetwater).

Our Partners 



We helped girls, their families, and communities bring about gender equity in school and community sports programs. Here are some of our accomplishments.

Female Athletes and School District Settle Title IX Case After Ninth Circuit Ruling

- June 8, 2015

Appeals court upholds Title IX ruling against Sweetwater

- September 22, 2014


© 2023 by Sphere Construction. Proudly created with Wix.com